Fundamental Duties – A presentation by S. P. Buwa

Prof. Shubharaj P. Buwa was invited to deliver a talk on ‘Fundamental Duties included in the Indian Constitution’ by Principal V. B. Rokade on Saturday, 26th November 2016 on the occasion of Constitution Day.  The talk was held in the second floor Conference room of Dr. T. K. Tope Arts and Commerce Night College, Parel.  Members of the teaching and non-teaching staff and about 35 students from all classes were present.

In his lecture Prof. Buwa discussed the political context of inclusion of fundamental duties in the Indian constitution besides discussing all the eleven duties included in the constitution.  He also explained the different types of constitutions found all over the world, the difference between constitutional law and ordinary law and meaning, necessity and procedure of amendment.

Prof. Sawant was given the responsibility to organise the lecture.  He also proposed the vote of thanks.

Presentation File – Constitution-Day-2016

SYBA Third Semester (old syllabus upto 2016-17) – study material and questions

Indian Political System – Introduction to Indian Constitution

S.Y.B.A. Politics Paper – II – Indian Political System (Mar) sem 3

S.Y.B.A. Political Science Paper – II – Indian Political System (Eng) – Rev sem 3

Question bank


Public Administraion

S.Y.B.A. Political Science Paper – III – Public Administration (eng) – Rev sem 3

S.Y.B.A. Political Science Paper – III – Public Administration (Mar) – Rev sem 3

Question bank


राजकीय पक्ष

निव़डणुक आयोगाच्या नियमांनुसार भारतात तीन प्रकारचे राजकीय पक्ष:-

राष्ट्रीय पक्ष

प्रादेशिक पक्ष

नोंदणी कृत अमान्यताप्राप्त पक्ष

राष्ट्रीय पक्ष

  1. भारतीय राष्ट्रीय काँग्रेस
  2. राष्ट्रवादी काँग्रेस
  3. भारतीय जनता पक्ष
  4. भारतीय कम्युनिस्ट पक्ष
  5. मार्क्सवादी कम्युनिस्ट पक्ष
  6. बहुजन समाज पक्ष

प्रादेशिक पक्ष

१३/१/२०१५ च्या यादी प्रमाणे २५ राज्य आणि केंद्रशासित प्रदेशांमध्ये मिळून ६४ प्रादेशिक पक्ष.

  1. महाराष्ट्रात दोन – शिवसेना आणि महाराष्ट्र नवनिर्माण सेना
  2. गुजरात, मध्यप्रदेश, छत्तीसगड, राजस्थान – एकाही पक्षाला प्रादेशिक पक्षाचा दर्जा नाही.
  3. गोवा – महाराष्ट्रवादी गोमंतक पक्ष
  4. कर्नाटक – जनता दल (सेक्युलर) कर्नाटक जनता पक्ष असे दोन.
  5. केरळ – ४
  6. आंध्रप्रदेश – ३ – तेलगु देशम, तेंलंगण राष्ट्र समिती,


  1. निवणुक आय़ोगाने प्रसिद्ध केलेली यादी येथे पहा.   सध्या ८ ऑक्टोबर २०१५ रोजी प्रसिध्द झालेली दुरुस्ती अंतिम मानता येईल.  याप्रमाणे १७८२ नोंदणीकृत अमान्यताप्राप्त पक्ष आहेत.
  2. १३/१/२०१५ रोजी प्रसिद्ध झालेली यादी


संविधान दिवस – 26 नोव्हेंबर

Test your knowledge about the Indian Constitution        A presentation about Indian_Constitution

26 नोव्हेंबर 1949 या दिवशी भारतीय राज्यघटना लिहून पूर्ण झाली.  घटना समितीच्या सदस्यांनी सह्या करून ती त्याच दिवशी स्वीकारली.  त्यामुळे त्यावर्षीपासून 26 नोव्हेंबर हा दिवस घटना दिवस किंवा संविधान दिवस म्हणून साजरा केला जातो.  आज त्याचा 66 वा वर्धापन दिन.

डॉ. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकरांच्या 125 व्या जयंती निमीत्त वर्षभर होणाऱ्या कार्यक्रमांचा एक भाग म्हणून हा कार्यक्रम भारत सरकारतर्फे आयोजित करण्यात आला आहे.

26 जानेवारी 1950 पासून भारतीय राज्यघटना लागू करण्यात आली.  26 जानेवारी 1930 रोजी जवाहरलाल नेहरू यांनी कराची येथे भरलेल्या राष्ट्रीय सभेच्या म्हणजेच काँग्रेसच्या वार्षिक अधिवेशनात पहिल्यांदाच संपूर्ण स्वातंत्र्याचा ठराव मांडला.  त्याच्या स्मृतीप्रित्यर्थ 26 जानेवारी हा दिवस प्रजासत्ताक दिन म्हणून निवडण्यात आला.  त्या दिवशीपासून भारतीय राज्यघटना लागू करण्यात आली आहे.

भारतीय संविधानाची ओळख करून देणारे काही संदर्भ :-

दूरदर्शनच्या राज्यसभा चॅनेलने श्याम बेनेगल यांच्या दिग्दर्शनाखाली संविधानाच्या निर्मीती प्रक्रियेवर आधारित 10 विशेष भाग काही दिवसांपूर्वी प्रसिद्ध केले.  ते सर्व भाग यु ट्युबवर उपलब्ध आहेत.  तुमच्या माहितीसाठी त्याच्या लिंक्स खाली दिल्या आहेत.

श्याम बेनेगल यांच्या 10 भागातील संविधान विषयक मालिकेच्या लिंक्स्

  1. पहिला  The First step : Cabinet Mission to Objectives resolution.
  2. दुसरा Independence a divided legacy.
  3. तिसरा Independent India : Righting fundamental wrongs with fundamental rights.
  4. चौथा People’s rights, Principles of Governance and duties.
  5. पाचवा Strengthening the weak : Minority, Women and Backward Rights.
  6. सहावा Who’s Land is it? : Land Reforms and Acquisition.
  7. सातवा Link Language : Hindi or Hindustani
  8. आठवा Federalism : Linking the States and the Centre.
  9. नववा Three Pillars : Executive, Legislature, Judiciary.
  10. दहावा From Preamble to the Final draft and beyond.

The series is based on the constituent assembly debates available here.

भारतीय राज्य घटनेची उद्देशिका – Preamble to the Indian Constitution


having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a 


and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the 

2[unity and integrity of the Nation];


Text of the Constitution of India updated upto 98th amendment of 2012 along with 100 amendments made upto 31st July 2015.

Complete text of the constitution in PDF format.

D. D. Basu’s book Introduction to Constitution of India is a masterpiece explaining all provisions of the constitution in a lucid language particularly useful for students of Political Science and any layman desiring to understand Indian Constitution.

Austin Granville’s book The Indian Constitution : Cornerstone of a Nation is considered as a classic document.



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National Democratic Alliance

Centre-right alliance of political parties.

Formed in 1998.

Led by Bharatiya Janata Party.

Number of constituent parties has changed many times as some new parties join the alliance or the older allies leave.

From 1998 to 2004 it was the ruling alliance at the Centre.  After a gap of 10 years or two terms of Loksabha in May 2014 the alliance regained power.




Chief Ministers of Indian States

Currently besides the BJP, which controls the central government, there are many other national and regional parties controlling various state governments.  In some states single parties have power and in others there are alliances ruling the state.  For example the BJP, Shiv Sena, Republican Party of India, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha have formed the Mahayuti during the 2014 Vidhan Sabha elections.  For more details read the Wikipedia article.

Unicameral legislature

A legislature having single chamber is known as unicameral legislature.  The other type of legislature is bicameral legislature which has two chambers.  Indian Parliament is a bicameral legislature.  The Loksabha where the 543 members are directly elected by the people and the Rajyasabha which has 250 members indirectly elected by the state legislatures are its two chambers.    Legislature of Maharashtra state has two chambers – Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) and Vidhan Parishad (Legislative council) and therefore its bicameral.

Many states in India have abolished their second or the upper chamber where members are indirectly elected.  Currently only seven Indian states have bicameral legislatures – Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.  All other states and union territories have unicameral legislatures.  Avoiding duplication of work, reducing expenditure are the main objectives of having unicameral legislatures.