17 Lok Sabha elections in India – 1951 to 2019

Summary of the 17 Lok Sabha elections in a tabular format:

Lok SabhaYearWinnerSeats WonSecond PartySeats WonVote Share (Winner)Vote Share (Second)
1st1951-52INC (Nehru)364CPI1644.99%3.29%
2nd1957INC (Nehru)371CPI2747.78%8.92%
3rd1962INC (Nehru)361CPI2944.72%9.94%
4th1967INC (Indira Gandhi)283Swatantra Party4440.78%8.67%
5th1971INC (Indira Gandhi)352CPI(M)2543.68%5.12%
6th1977Janata Party295INC15341.32%34.52%
7th1980INC (Indira)353Janata Party (Secular)4142.69%18.97%
8th1984INC (Rajiv Gandhi)404Telugu Desam Party3049.01%4.31%
9th1989National Front143INC19723.17%39.53%
10th1991INC (Rao)244BJP12035.66%20.11%
11th1996United Front192BJP16125.62%20.29%
12th1998BJP (NDA)252INC14025.59%25.82%
13th1999BJP (NDA)270INC11423.75%28.30%
14th2004INC (UPA)219BJP13826.53%22.16%
15th2009INC (UPA)262BJP11628.55%18.80%
16th2014BJP (NDA)336INC4431.34%19.52%
17th2019BJP (NDA)353INC5237.36%19.49%
17 Lok Sabha elections of India

The information in this table provides a concise summary of the elections, showing the winner and runner-up parties, the number of seats won, and their vote share. Please note that these figures might vary slightly across different sources, especially in cases of coalitions and alliances, where seat numbers might change based on pre or post-election agreements.

List of National Parties of India (15 May 2023 notification)

Sr. no.Party (Alphabetically listed)Symbol
1Aam Aadmi PartyBroom
2Bahujan Samaj PartyElephant (except Assam)
3Bharatiya Janata PartyLotus
4Communist Party of India (Marxist)Hammer, Sickle and Star
5Indian National CongressHand
6National People’s PartyBook
National Parties as of May 15, 2023

भारतामध्ये राजकीय पक्षांची नोंदणी निवडणुक आयोगाकडे केली जाते. निवडणुक आयोगाने मिळणाऱ्या समर्थनाच्या आधारावर राजकीय पक्षांचे वर्गीकरण तीन प्रकारत केले आहे. अर्थात निवडणुकांमधील कामगिरीच्या आधारावर समर्थन किती ते ठरवले जाते – मिळणारी मते आणि विधानसभा आणि लोकसभेतील जागा.

पक्षाची नोंदणी कोणालाही करता येते. त्यासाठी काही विशिष्ठ मार्गदर्शक तत्त्वे आहेत – Registration of political parties under section 29 A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 – १९५१ च्या जनप्रतिनिधीत्व कायद्यातील २९ A विभागानुसार राजकीय पक्षांची नोंदणी करता येते.

नोंदणी झालेल्या पक्षाला नोंदणीकृत अमान्यताप्राप्त (Registered unrecognised party) असा दर्जा मिळतो. नंतर त्यांच्या निवडणुकांमधील कामगिरीच्या आधारावर त्यांचा दर्जा बदलू शकतो.

एकाच राज्यामध्ये कार्यरत असलेल्या आणि विशिष्ठ जागा आणि मते मिळालेल्या पक्षांना प्रादेशिक पक्षाचा (State party) दर्जा मिळतो. अर्थात तो कायमचा नसतो. पुढील निवडणुकांमध्ये जागा आणि मतांचे प्रमाण कमी झाल्यास तो दर्जा घसरु शकतो.

चार किंवा त्यापेक्षा अधिक राज्यांमध्ये कार्यरत असलेल्या आणि विशिष्ठ जागा आणि मते मिळालेल्या पक्षांना राष्ट्रीय पक्षाचा दर्जा मिळू शकतो.

Regional parties

याशिवाय प्रत्येक राज्यामध्ये प्रादेशिक पक्ष आहेत. महाराष्ट्रात शिवसेना आणि महाराष्ट्र नवनिर्माण सेना हे दोन प्रादेशिक पक्ष आहेत.

RUPP

Registered Unrecognised Political Parties

This decision against 253 non-compliant RUPPs has been taken based on reports received from Chief Electoral Officers of seven states namely Bihar, Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana & Uttar Pradesh. These 253 RUPPs have been declared inactive, as they have not responded to the letter/notice delivered to them and have not contested a single election either to the General Assembly of a State or the Parliament Election 2014 & 2019. These RUPPs have failed to comply with statutory requirements for more than 16 compliance steps since 2015 and are continuing to default.

Press Information Bureau. “Election Commission declares 253 RUPPs as inactive.” PIB, 13 September 2022, https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1858986. Accessed 24 August 2023.
फ़िलप्रो, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Here’s a table listing the states and Union Territories along with their respective capitals:

Sr. no.State/Union TerritoryCapitalCurrent ruling /dominant party/parties
1Andhra PradeshAmaravatiYSR Congress + NDA
2Arunachal PradeshItanagarBJP & allies
3AssamDispurBJP & allies
4BiharPatnaJD (U)
5ChhattisgarhRaipurINC
6GoaPanajiBJP & allies
7GujaratGandhinagarBJP & allies
8HaryanaChandigarhBJP & allies
9Himachal PradeshShimlaINC
10JharkhandRanchiJMM
11KarnatakaBangaloreINC & allies
12KeralaThiruvananthapuramCPI (M)
13Madhya PradeshBhopalBJP & allies
14MaharashtraMumbaiBJP & allies
15ManipurImphalBJP & allies
16MeghalayaShillongNPP (NDA)
17MizoramAizawlMNF Mizo National Front
18NagalandKohimaDemocratic Alliance of Nagaland
19OdishaBhubaneshwarBJD
20PunjabChandigarhAAP
21RajasthanJaipurINC & allies
22SikkimGangtokSikkim Democratic Front
23Tamil NaduChennaiDMK
24TelanganaHyderabadBRS
25TripuraAgartalaBJP & allies
26UttarakhandDehradunBJP & allies
27Uttar PradeshLucknowBJP & allies
28West BengalKolkataTMC
1Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort BlairUT
2ChandigarhChandigarhUT
3Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuDamanUT
4The Government of NCT of DelhiDelhiAAP
5Jammu & KashmirSrinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)UT
6LadakhLehUT
7LakshadweepKavarattiUT
8PuducherryPuducherryAll India N. R. Congress
States and Union Territories of India

References

  1. Election commission of India website
  2. Election statistics

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